Media Stories

CPMH Commemorates World Mental Health Day with Roundtable Discussion

On World Mental Health Day this year the Alan J Flisher Centre for Public Mental Health again organised a roundtable discussion to commemorate the day. With this year’s theme, set by the World Federation for Mental Health, being “Young People and Mental Health in a Changing World”, we invited three researchers to present on their work relating to this theme. South African actress and TV presenter, Bonnie Mbuli, ended the presentation by speaking about her own experience with clinical depression and anxiety.

CPMH Co-director, Prof Katherine Sorsdahl, opened the event. “Adolescence and young adulthood lay down the foundation for health that determines health trajectories across the life course.”

Dr Jason Bantjes
Dr Jason Bantjes

Dr Jason Bantjes, a psychologist with a masters degree in Counselling Psychology and a masters degree in Research Psychology is currently a lecturer in the Psychology Department at Stellenbosch University and the South African National Representative for the International Association of Suicide Prevention.

He presented on the Caring Universities Project – a study being done by Stellenbosch University and the University of Cape Town in collaboration with the World Mental Health Surveys International College Study Project (WMH-ICS). In a sample of over 1400 undergraduates 38% had a mental disorder in their lifetime and 85% began before 18.

“This highlights the need for intervention in younger adolescents. If universities need to address students’ mental health care needs, Stellenbosch University would need to employ 110 full-time psychologists!”

Dr Tara Carney
Dr Tara Carney

Dr Tara Carney is employed as a Senior Scientist in the Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drug Research Unit of the South African Medical Research Council.

Dr Carney presented findings on a feasibility study of an evidence-based brief intervention in Cape Town targeting substance use and adolescents. Some of her findings showed that early initiation of substance use can progress to adult substance use disorders. “Brief interventions for adolescents have been shown to be effective in many settings, and they’re cost-effective.”

Dr Sarah Skeen
Dr Sarah Skeen

Dr Sarah Skeen is the Programme Director for the Partnership for Alcohol and AIDS Intervention Research (PAAIR) programme. She has been responsible for the coordination and implementation of several large studies in South Africa, Zambia, Malawi, Lesotho, and Kenya.

Dr Skeen noted that the Helping Adolescents Thrive evidence review identified effective components of universal psychosocial interventions for improving mental health, risk behaviour and self-harm and that interpersonal skills and emotion regulation skills are top components.

Bonnie Mbuli
Bonnie Mbuli

Bonnie Mbuli then spoke frankly about her journey with clinical depression and anxiety. “My longing is to be part of the conversation on intervention and what it may look like … I want to encourage people to not be afraid to open the door and face the darkness,” Mbuli said.

“I’ve tried to just share with people the fight, the fight for your mental health. Help is out there and help helps … It’s got to be a mind, body and soul approach,”she said.

The event was partly sponsored by UCT’s Division of Public Mental Health’s social responsiveness committee.

Prof Dan Stein, Dr Jason Bantjes, Prof Katherine Sorsdahl, Bonnie Mbuli, Dr Sarah Skeen, Dr Tara Carney and Prof Ashraf Kagee.
Lily Kpobi Media Stories

Dr Lily Kpobi Presents at September CPMH Seminar

Lily KpobiDr. Lily Kpobi, a clinical psychologist from Ghana currently studying for her PhD at Stellenbosch University, presented her recent research at our September seminar.

Generally, her research focuses on understanding mental health issues and strengthening mental health care systems within cultural contexts and she presented her work on explanatory models of mental disorders among indigenous and faith healers in Accra, Ghana.

For her PhD, Dr. Kpobi interviewed a variety of faith healers in Accra to investigate how they understand and identify mental disorders present in patients. She also investigated the possibility of collaboration between these faith healers and the biomedical community.

In many African countries, indigenous and faith healing form an integral part of the health care system, including for mental health care. These non-biomedical mental health care systems typically evolve within specific cultural contexts, and thus beliefs about the nature and causes of mental disorders tends to inform the treatments and practices of the healers. Using an Explanatory Models of Illness framework, she examined the notions of different categories of indigenous and faith healers about different biomedically-classified disorders.

Through case vignettes, she interviewed 36 participants to explore their beliefs about the nature, causes, implications and treatments of a serious mental disorder (schizophrenia), a common mental disorder (depression), and a disorder driven by social circumstances (PTSD). The data suggest that while there was consensus among the different categories of healers about what constituted a serious mental disorder, differences existed between the different healers about classifying milder conditions as mental disorders. Treatment methods also varied based on the orientation of the healers. These explanatory models are discussed with emphasis on their implications for collaboration and for biomedical practice.

You can access her facinating presentation below and also listen to the recording of the seminar.

Dowload: Audio (mp3) | Presentation (PDF)
Together with her study leader, Prof Leslie Swartz, she also published a piece on The Conversation about this research. You can read it here.